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Icons of Europe:  This 'Chandos portrait' of supposedly Shakespeare (1564-1616) is named after James Brydges, 3rd Duke of Chandos, an early owner.
Icons of Europe's independent review
Details updated on 24 December 2016

Shakespeare and his stable of

« William Shakespeare was an ingenious theatrical entrepreneur, but he was not the sole author of works bearing his name.  The plays stem from a collaborative effort involving the finest playwrights and poets as well as the royal court.  Ben Jonson played ... »¹

Prince Charles in 2011:  "It seems certain that Shakespeare and his King must have known each other well". - Of course they did, so this statement must hint to a deeper explanation of their relationship (Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots?).

>> The review
by Cecilia Jorgensen, Icons of Europe
Shakespeare Birthplace Trust

King James I & VI (1566-1625), portrayed by John de Critz or Marcus Gheerhardt the Younger (from The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Virginia, USA).Scholars of the Shakespeare Birthplace Trust (SBT) support Icons of Europe's findings:  "None of Shakespeare’s plays is the product of an isolated genius".²

Icons of Europe concludes:  « There is every reason to celebrate the theatrical entrepreneur Shakespeare and his entourage and set the record straight. »

Evidence by First Folio of 1623, Ben Jonson, Westminster Abbey and scholars of SBT.

Ref. also third-party @AvonSwan's analysis of SBT's 60.Q/A.

Shakespeare's 450 years in 2014
Shakespeare's 400 years in 2016

Countdown 1564-2014


Published 30 October 2011
International Herald Tribune:

« An open-minded debate of Shakespeare’s identity could lead to important benefits ... “The one duty we owe to history is to rewrite it.” »
Letter by
Cecilia Jorgensen,
Icons of Europe

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Scholars have not been able to determine with certainty whether the above portrait really depicts William Shakespeare (1564-1616), nor who painted it. - Cecilia Jorgensen, Icons of Europe has in late 2011 developed a rationale for whom it actually could portray. ¹ The [Ben Jonson] tribe’s argument
"who cares?!"
implies the non-existence of any sole or true author.  It also dismisses the value of genuine knowledge. -
Icons of Europe
² "The idea of a single artistic mind presiding over a whole body of works is at odds with the very nature of professional theatre" - scholar replying to question 26 of the Shakespeare Birthplace Trust. Contact us | About us

Portrait above:
King James (1566-1625)

“Our ignorance of history causes us to slander our own times.” / "Notre ignorance de l'histoire nous fait calomnier notre temps."
Flaubert à George Sand (1871)

"Preserving whose heritage?" - letter by Icons of Europe published in the IHT/NYT (2004).