Icons of Europe This fleur-de-lys represents the aims of Icons of Europe asbl.  The fleur-de-lys figure has been used as an ornament or emblem by almost all civilisations of the old and new worlds.
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ICONS / HERITAGE OF SPAIN  (online since 2003)
Christopher Columbus (1451-1506), born in Genoa, Italy.  Commissioned by the King and Queen of Spain,  Columbus became one of the greatest sea men and explorers.  He discovered the Americas in 1492. Miguel de Cervantes (1547-1616) was initially a tax collector, who was imprisoned for accounting irregularities.  Tradition maintains that he wrote 'Don Quixote' in prison. Lope Félix de Vega Carpio, playwright and poet, born in Madrid. Diego Velázquez (1599-1660). Portrait of Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes (1746-1828). Self-portrait of Picacco, image provided by Amazon.com. Joan Miró (1893-1983) in 1970.  Photo by F. Català-Roca in "Joan Miró: Les Livres Illustrés" (catalogue published in 1989 by Patrick Cramer, Editeur, Geneva). Antoni Tàpies (born 1923 ).  Copyright © 1999 Galería Antonio Machón.
Christopher Columbus
Miguel de Cervantes
Lope de Vega
Diego Velázquez
Francisco de Goya
Pablo Picasso
Joán Miró
Antoni Tàpies
born 1923

Icons of Music
Isaac Albéniz (1860-1909), born in Camprodón and a child prodigy at four.  He studied under Liszt, and became a brilliant pianist and composer of picturesque works for piano based on Spanish folk music, notably the Iberia suite.  He travelled widely.
Enrique Granados (1867-1916), composer and pianist, born in Lérida.  Following studies in Paris, he played often with Jacques Thibaud and Pablo Casals. Inspired by a painting by Goya, his piano suite Goyescas (1911) became a huge success.
Manuel de Falla (1876-1946), born in Cadiz, was much influenced by Spanish musical traditions.  Lived in Paris 1907-1914, where he published his first piano compositions.  Fame established in London with his ballet El sombrero de tres picos.

Institutions and more An industrial Icon:
TELEFÓNICA is the leading telecommunications operator in the Spanish- and Portuguese-speaking world - and an important patron of culture.
European Capital of Culture 2016

Camilo José Cela (1916-2002):
Nobel Prize in Literature 1989 "for a rich and intensive prose, which with restrained compassion forms a challenging vision of man's vulnerability".

A drawing of the royal Charterhouse of Valldemossa by Maurice Sand, George Sand’s son – from her book  “Un hiver à Majorque” (1838-1839).

Frédéric Chopin and George Sand spent the winter 1838-1839 at the royal Charterhouse of Valldemossa, Mallorca.

Chopin in 1837;  with permission by Bibliothèque nationale de France.

Chopin worked there on Préludes Op. 28, Scherszo Op. 39, Polonaise Op. 40, and other famous compositions.
Recital at Icons of Europe

Bodegas Alejandro FernándezAn extraordinary wine:
Tinto Pesquera

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The Icons and events selected by Icons of Europe asbl do not necessarily represent a balanced view of the rich culture of this country.  Concise information is provided to maintain the overview and encourage the visitor to pursue his/her own research priorities with the tools provided.